CBD is short for cannabidiol. CBD is one of many different molecules known as cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.
CBD is a naturally occurring substance used in products like oils and edibles and it is not psychoactive CBD is believed to have many beneficial properties and is commonly used to promote overall wellness.
CBD oil is a natural oil which is extracted from the hemp plant. CBD oils are oils that contain concentrations of CBD. The concentrations and the uses of these oils vary by people all over the world.
Cannabinoids are active compounds produced by the hemp plant. Cannabinoids interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), which promotes homeostasis.
The cannabinoids can be separated into the following subclasses:
- Cannabigerols (CBG)
- Cannabichromenes (CBC)
- Cannabidiol (CBD)
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
- Cannabinol (CBN)
- Cannabinodiol (CBDL)
- Cannabicyclol (CBL)
- Cannabielsoin (CBE)
- Cannabitriol (CBT)
CBD, like all cannabinoids, produce effects in the body by interacting with the endocannabinoid system. CBD impacts the ECS indirectly, most often through activation of outside receptors and interaction with enzymes.
The human body produces certain cannabinoids on its own. Our bodies have two receptors for cannabinoids, called the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors. CBD does not attach directly to either receptor. Instead, it directs the body to use its own cannabinoids.
CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, mostly in the brain. The CB1 receptors in the brain deal with coordination and movement, pain, emotions, and mood, thinking, appetite, and memories, and other functions.
CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.
Endocannabinoids are produced by almost every living organism. Both endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors form the endocannabinoid system ECS. Our ECS controls our neurotransmitters, pain perception, and our cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and liver functions.